All know that a microphone is an instrument that makes small sounds and noises in higher sound. Technically the instrument changes sound waves in electronic currents and voltage. This is majorly utilized while recording stuff as it can increase the sounds. If you’re confused then read on. The microphone uses a film that vibrates when there is slightest air movement around it. This is how it pulls the sounds around. Then the work of a microphone changes this acoustic energy to electrical energy using the transducer. Here is where the microphone type comes into picture. Every type of microphone uses various transducer properties. These days a more refined version of the traditional microphone has come out with time and technology. This is called the Condenser Microphone.
These are the preferred version of the refined Microphones as they are used for studio recording purposes. They are also known as Capacitator Microphones as they are made of two metal plates that are closely placed to each other. Traditionally to make this condenser microphone they use gold spluttered mylar but some use a very thin metal foil too. These are also known as ‘Silent Microphone’. They require the use of electricity which was traditionally not required.
Traditionally people prefer to use the older version of the microphone. This is mostly and specifically used for recording purposes. They are specifically used for vocals, stage performances, home recording as well as studio recording. These microphones are preferred for the above reasons as they have a higher resolution audio. Moreover, they give a clear and transparent sound as opposed to its traditional form.
In other words, the condenser microphone reflects the speed of the audio being produced. This could be the singing or playing of instruments too. In simple terms, this is the most refined form of the instrument used for any purpose of recording. This may be your home productions, studio recording or semi-pro recording too. They are also best used for various types of applications or software. However, these condenser microphones require a power connection supply which is the only disadvantage.
The suggested power is Phantom Power at 48 Volts especially for mixing. this power is generally supplied by external power supply or mixing boards. On the rear end of the mixer, there would be a suggesting switch called P-48 or 48 V.
They are very sensitive to sound given their complex and fragile makeup during manufacture. That is why it is best used in studios and is also known as ‘silent microphone’ too. These are fragile devices that need to be handled with care.